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Spinal Tumors Surgery

Tumours in the spinal area are surgically removed. The most frequent tumour complication is metastasis, which damages the vertebral bones or compresses the spinal cord or nerves. Surgery is performed in these situations with the goals of fully decompressing the spinal cord to allow for neurological recovery and strengthening the spine column by placing pedicle screws and rods. Specimens can be submitted simultaneously for histopathology and immunohistochemical marker studies, which aid in determining the tumour's fundamental cause and enabling the appropriate course of chemotherapy or radiotherapy to be initiated. 

Possible surgical procedures for spinal tumours

Possible surgical techniques to remove all or part of a spinal tumour depend on the nature and location of the tumour. They include:

  • Metastatic spine tumour surgery

It begins anywhere within the body and later shows metastasis to the spine which can be removed effectively through surgical procedures such as 

  • Spinal Decompression: In order to decompress or relieve the pressure of the tumour on the spinal cord and nerve roots, the surgeon will either remove a portion of the tumour (resection) or the entire tumour (excise). The method also spares the spinal cord from damage while providing enough room for high-dose radiation therapy. The technique improves neurological functions while reducing neck and shoulder pain.
  • Spinal instrumentation or spinal implants: To regain spinal stability and alignment, specialised screws and rods are fastened to the spine. Depending on how severely the spinal cord is compressed, this procedure is employed.
  • Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty: A spinal decompression surgery is carried out in conjunction with kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty procedures when a spinal tumour results in spinal compression or fracture. Both of these minimally invasive techniques are used to regain spinal stability. In kyphoplasty, the spine is stabilised while the area between the bones is opened up using a balloon. In vertebroplasty, the tumour is removed using radio-frequency ablation, and the empty space is replaced with a bone cement combination.

 

  • En bloc Resection

The larger main tumours are completely removed in one piece if they are in the spine or close by. The preferred course of treatment for initial malignant bone tumours.

  • Spinal Embolization

Prior to surgery, imaging techniques are used to stop the blood supply to the tumour if the spinal tumour has a significant amount of blood cells in order to prevent blood loss. The tumour gets smaller as a result. First, spinal angiography, a diagnostic procedure, is carried out to provide an accurate image of the blood vessels in the spine. Blood vessels are detected using an X-ray after a contrast dye injection.

  • Radiosurgery (CyberKnife)

It is used to treat spinal cancers, and the tumour eventually goes away. Book an appointment today at our Neurology Hospital In India to know more about spinal tumors treatment.

Advantages

Following are some of the advantages for integrating the treatment in treating neurology related disorders:

  • Eliminates the tumours.
  • Provides relief from neck pain or back pain and swelling.
  • Restoration and preservation of neurological functions.
  • Increases the muscle strength and mobility.

Factors on which surgery for spinal tumours depends

The recommendation for surgery to remove the spinal tumour depends on a number of factors, including:

  • Type, size, and stage of the tumour.

  • Removal of benign or malignant tumour.

  • Reducing the size of the tumour.

  • Getting relief from the persistent neck pain or back pain.

  • Correcting the problems such as difficulty in maintaining balance, difficulty in walking, dysfunction related to bowel and bladder, etc. 

  • Correcting the neurological deficits involving compression of the spinal cord or nerves.

  • Stabilizing the spine.

  • Treating spinal fractures.

  • Improving the spinal functioning and quality of life.

Recovery

Most patients receive rehabilitation therapy following tumour removal surgery in order to hasten healing and return to normal activities. As part of the on-going care, further treatments like radiation or chemotherapy may also be used if the tumour is cancerous or malignant. Spinal Tumors Surgery is available at Manipal Hospitals, visit today.