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Paediatric Bronchoscopy and Airway Reconstruction Sometimes children are born with difficulty breathing through the windpipe due to various reasons such as lung infections and cancers, obstructions in the airways, and infections after other medical procedures. These may require a process called bronchoscopy to determine the cause and treat them accordingly. Some common conditions in children that may require bronchoscopy include stridor- a congenital disorder, vocal cord paralysis or subglottic stenosis, persistent cough, haemoptysis or coughing of blood, and prolonged respiratory support in premature babies.
Why choose Manipal Hospitals Equipped with an ultramodern Cath Lab, Manipal Hospitals has expert paediatricians and paediatric pulmonologists to conduct niche bronchoscopy and airway repair procedures in children of all ages. Bronchoscopy involves the use of a bronchoscope, a special flexible tube with a light and camera at the end of it, which is passed through the child’s nose or mouth, down the throat and into the lungs. This is done under general anaesthesia. At other times where there is damage to the airways due arising from bronchoscopy or prolonged respiratory support, it may require surgery to repair the airways. Our surgeons are highly proficient in performing laryngotracheal reconstruction which involves reconstructing the narrowed section of windpipe using grafts of cartilage from your child’s ribs. The grafts are held firmly in place with a plastic tube called a stent. About six weeks later, when the grafts are fully healed, your child will need to return to hospital for a procedure to remove the stent.