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OGD - Oesophago-gastro Duodenoscopy

Oesophago Gastro Duodenoscopy Procedure in India


  • Oesophago-gastro Duodenoscopy or OGD involves the visual examination of the lining of the oesophagus, duodenum, and stomach.


  • The patient must be on an empty stomach with 6-8 hours or overnight fasting. No meals should be taken after midnight, not even water.

  • The patient must inform the doctor about underlying medical conditions and if they take blood thinners. 

During Procedure:

  • The patient will be settled comfortably in an area where their privacy will be respected throughout the procedure. A hospital gown will be given for changing into.

  • The patient will have to remove their contact lenses, dentures, and eyeglasses.

  • Local anaesthesia will be sprayed on the throat to make it numb. A sedative may also be injected.

  • The patient will be given a mouth guard to protect their teeth.

  • The endoscope will be passed through the throat and the mouth while the patient will be asked to try to not swallow the endoscope.

  • The endoscope will neither interfere with the breathing nor cause any pain. The time duration of the procedure is around 5 minutes.

  • During the procedure, the doctor can take small tissue samples (biopsies) painlessly for pathologic examination.

Post Procedure:

  • The throat may feel slightly sore and numb.

  • The patient is advised to take a rest for one full day.

  • The patient must not attempt to drink or eat until the swallowing reflex of the body becomes normal.

  • The patient can start consuming their regular meals unless told otherwise.

  • The patient may feel slightly bloated because of the air that has been introduced via the endoscope.

  • In cases where a sedative was injected during the procedure, the patient is advised to not drive a car, make important decisions, and operate machines as the sedation significantly impairs reflexes and judgement. 

  • Upper GI endoscopy is usually a safe procedure. However, in some rare cases, complications, such as the tear of the intestine, bleeding, or cardio-respiratory problems may occur. The patient is advised to contact the Gastroenterologist in India immediately in such cases.

Looking for the OGD- Oesophago-gastro Duodenoscopy in India then contact Manipal Hospital where you will get the best treatment and care.