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Laparoscopic Surgery: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments And Recovery

General Surgery

Laparoscopic Surgery

30 November, -0001

Laparoscopic surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery or keyhole surgery, has revolutionised the field of medicine by providing a less invasive alternative to traditional open surgeries. This technique involves making small incisions and using specialised instruments to perform surgeries, offering several advantages over conventional procedures. In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the various aspects of Laparoscopic Surgery in India, from its indications to the treatment procedure and potential consequences of ignoring the need for surgery.

Causes for Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopic surgery is employed to treat a wide range of medical conditions, both elective and emergent. Some common causes that warrant laparoscopic surgery include:

  • Gallstones

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is frequently performed to remove gallbladders affected by gallstones.

  • Appendicitis

Inflamed appendices are often removed using laparoscopy to prevent complications.

  • Hernias

Laparoscopic hernia repair is a preferred option for inguinal and ventral hernias.

  • Endometriosis

Laparoscopy is used to diagnose and treat endometrial tissue growth in cases of endometriosis.

  • Gynaecological Disorders

Conditions like ovarian cysts, fibroids, and ectopic pregnancies can be addressed through laparoscopic surgery.

  • Obesity

Laparoscopic gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy are performed for weight loss.

  • Colorectal Conditions

Laparoscopy is used in treating conditions like diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, and colorectal cancer.

Signs and Symptoms Indicating the Need for Laparoscopic Surgery

The symptoms after laparoscopy vary greatly depending on the underlying condition. Some common symptoms include:

  • Abdominal Pain

Persistent or severe abdominal pain could be indicative of issues like gallstones, appendicitis, or gynaecological conditions.

  • Digestive Issues

Nausea, vomiting, and indigestion can point towards gallbladder or gastrointestinal problems.

  • Pelvic Pain

Conditions like endometriosis, ovarian cysts, or fibroids can cause pelvic pain.

  • Hernia Symptoms

Hernias often present as visible bulges, pain, or discomfort during physical activities.

Certain signs and diagnostic tests help medical professionals determine the necessity of laparoscopic surgery:

  • Imaging

X-rays, ultrasounds, CT scans, and MRIs can reveal abnormalities requiring surgical intervention.

  • Endoscopic Evaluation

Endoscopy allows direct visualisation of the interior organs, aiding diagnosis and determination of the extent of surgery.

  • Failed Conservative Treatment

When non-surgical treatments prove ineffective, surgery might become necessary.

  • Emergency Cases

Conditions like appendicitis or an ectopic pregnancy often require prompt surgical intervention to prevent life-threatening complications.

Treatment Procedure

Laparoscopic surgery consists of several phases:

  • Pre-Procedure

Pre-operative evaluations, patient preparation, and obtaining informed consent are essential. Fasting and medication adjustments might be necessary.

  • During Procedure

Small incisions are made through which a laparoscope (a thin tube with a camera) and specialised instruments are inserted. Carbon dioxide is introduced to inflate the abdomen, creating space for the surgeon to work. The surgeon then performs the procedure while watching a live feed from the camera on a monitor.

  • Post-Procedure

After surgery, the incisions are closed using sutures or adhesive strips. Patients are closely monitored during the recovery phase.

To know more, visit the best laparoscopic surgery hospital in India.

Duration of Surgery and Recovery

The duration of laparoscopic surgery can vary depending on the complexity of the procedure. Simple surgeries might take around 30 minutes, while more intricate ones can last several hours. Recovery times also differ based on the type of surgery and the individual's overall health. Generally, patients can expect to return to normal activities within a few days to a couple of weeks.

Consequences of Ignoring the Need for Surgery

Neglecting the need for laparoscopic surgery can lead to serious complications:

  • Progression of Condition

Conditions like appendicitis can worsen, leading to rupture and potentially fatal infections.

  • Increased Pain and Discomfort

Ignoring hernias or gallstones can cause increased pain, discomfort, and reduced quality of life.

  • Spread of Disease

Gynaecological conditions left untreated might lead to the spread of diseases like endometriosis.

  • Decreased Treatment Options

Delaying surgery might reduce the effectiveness of minimally invasive techniques, requiring more invasive open surgeries.

Book an appointment now at Manipal Hospitals Global to get the finest treatment with the help of the best laparoscopic surgeon