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This ailment occurs when veins and arteries have abnormal connections between them. Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation AVM Closure acts as direct conduits between the pulmonary vein and the pulmonary artery, which leads to a reduction in the blood oxygen levels and enables bacteria and clots to bypass the lung capillaries’ normal filtration process. Moreover, pulmonary AVMs are highly vulnerable to ruptures, which cause serious bleeding.
Solutions in Pulmonary AVM Closure
The blockage or embolization of pulmonary AVMs can significantly mitigate these risks. An interventional cardiologist employs the use of X-rays to guide a small catheter from the femoral vein at the groin to the pulmonary arteries. Contrast dye is administered for locating the pulmonary AVMs. After this, each AVM is accessed with the help of a microcatheter or catheter and blocked with small fibered plugs or coils.
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