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Rheumatology

Rheumatology Hospital in India

Rheumatology is a medical sub-speciality concerned with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases related to muscles, bones, joints, ligaments, and tendons. Sometimes rheumatologic disorders can also affect blood vessels, skin, nerves and internal organs. Rheumatologists are responsible for the treatment of common rheumatic disorders like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), lupus, Spondyloarthropathies (ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis), Sjogren's syndrome, gout, Scleroderma, infectious arthritis, etc. Patients can get world class treatment at Manipal Hospitals India for a wide gamut of bones and joints diseases. Unlike orthopaedics, rheumatologists use medication and other nonsurgical treatments for rheumatic disorders. They are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of various musculoskeletal diseases and systemic autoimmune conditions.

Why Manipal?

The centre of excellence in rheumatology at Manipal Hospitals offers complete assessment and treatment of a wide gamut of rheumatic disorders. We have a team of world-class rheumatologists carrying years of experience in this field. Our expert doctors with the assistance of state-of-the-art technology constantly push the limits and set records in the diagnosis and treatment of various rheumatic diseases.

Owing to the innovative and advanced tools, skilled doctors and consultants, and our multidisciplinary approach to treatment, we present ourselves as a leader in this field. 

Our skilled and proficient doctors provide the finest care and treatment for a gamut of rheumatic disorders including various types of arthritis, autoimmune diseases, degenerative joint diseases, crystal arthritis, and soft tissue rheumatism. Some of the major treatments that are available in Manipal Hospitals are:

  1. Arthritis: The term “arthritis” refers to joint pain or joint diseases and it can be of different types like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The most common symptoms are pain, stiffness, swelling, redness and decreased range of motion in joints. There is no single cause of arthritis as it can be family-inherited or caused due to injury or obesity. There is no cure for arthritis but proper treatments can reduce the symptoms and help patients carry on with their normal day-to-day work without any issues. This is the best Rheumatology Hospital in India.

  2. Osteoporosis: It is a rheumatic condition in which the bones become too weak and brittle. It can be caused due to various factors including your age, sex, family history, body frame size, race, dietary restrictions, medications, etc. Although there is no cure for osteoporosis, proper treatment including medications and exercises can help a lot and allow patients to carry on their daily tasks.

  3. Gout: Gouts are classified as a type of inflammatory arthritis, and caused due to the formation of crystals in the joints due to excess uric acid in the body. Several tests are available to diagnose it like the joint fluid test, blood test, X-ray imaging, and ultrasound. The treatment for gouts is done in two types – the first type of treatment is done to reduce the inflammation and joint pain while the second type focuses on reducing the formation of uric acid in the blood.

  4. Soft tissue rheumatism: It includes various rheumatic disorders of tendons and their sheaths, ligaments, bursae, joint capsules, muscles, fasciae and others. They can be broadly classified into two types – diffuse and local. The treatment for soft tissue rheumatism includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and nonnarcotic analgesics.

  5. Connective tissue diseases: In this disease, the connective tissues responsible for holding together different body parts get damaged. It can affect muscle, joints, tendons, ligaments, bone, cartilage, or in some cases, eyes or blood vessels.

  6. Fibromyalgia: It is a chronic condition that can cause extreme pain and discomfort in the musculoskeletal system. Fibromyalgia is mainly caused due to physical trauma, surgery or any psychological stress. Although there is no cure available for this disorder, proper treatment and medications can help reduce the symptoms.

  7. Ankylosing Spondylitis: It is a type of arthritis that causes bones in the spine (vertebrae) to fuse. It causes lower back pain and patients can feel neck pain and stiffness in their lower back, hips, and buttocks. This condition can be diagnosed with the help of various imaging tests like X-ray, MRI, or CT scan. The most preferred treatment for ankylosing spondylitis is NSAIDs. If they don’t work, doctors recommend a tumour necrosis factor (TNF) blocker or an interleukin-17 (IL-17) inhibitor.

Rheumatologists at Manipal Hospitals are adept at cutting-edge procedures for the treatment of various disorders so that patients can live a long and happy life. Some of the modern procedures and medications available are:

  1. NSAIDs: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs help reduce inflammation and relieve pain.

  2. Intra Articular Injection: During an intraarticular injection, a hypodermic needle is used to administer the medication directly into the affected joint. It is injected to prevent rheumatic conditions such as gout, tendinitis, bursitis, rheumatoid arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, psoriatic arthritis and sometimes osteoarthritis. Sometimes, IAI is used to extract extra fluid from the joints.

  3. DMARDs: Drugs that delay the progression of rheumatoid arthritis and shield the tissues and joints from long-term harm are known as disease-modifying antirheumatics (DMARDs).

  4. Biologic Agents: Also known as biologic response modifiers, these agents are a new class of DMARDs. They work by targeting certain parts of the immune system responsible for invoking inflammation and causing joint pain and damage.

  5. Musculoskeletal Ultrasound: It is an imaging test that helps rheumatologists diagnose muscles and joints for any tears/strains, nerves and arthritis. This ultrasound is different from normal ultrasounds in the way that it uses dynamic imaging to create a clear picture in real-time as the patient moves their arm, leg, or other body parts

Rheumatology doctors
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Dr. Raghavendra H

Consultant - Rheumatologist

Hebbal - Bengaluru